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Moi, Un Noir
A film by Jean Rouch
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Winner of the prestigious Prix Louis Delluc in 1958, MOI, UN NOIR marked Jean Rouch's break with traditional ethnography, and his embrace of the collaborative and improvisatory strategies he called "shared ethnography" and "ethnofiction."

The film depicts an ordinary week in the lives of men and women from Niger who have migrated to Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire for work. After a short introduction by Rouch, "Edward G. Robinson"-Omarou Ganda, who like the film's other subject-collaborators plays himself under the name of a Western movie star-takes over the film's narration, recreating dialogue and providing freewheeling commentary on his experiences.

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Robinson describes the bitter reality of life in Treichville, a poor inner suburb populated largely by migrants, and his work as a day laborer (bozori) in the ports. When the weekend arrives, he and his friends go to the beach and the bars, but even during this brief respite from their drudgery, they remain second-class citizens.

MOI, UN NOIR also brings inside Robinson's richly detailed inner life, as he describes his fantasy of becoming a championship boxer, his dream of marrying "Dorothy Lamour" (Gambi, another Nigerien migrant), and his childhood memories of Niger.

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MOI, UN NOIR captures both the sorrows and the occasional joys of these migrants' experience in all their psychological complexity. A landmark of documentary cinema, Rouch's stylistic innovations here exerted a profound influence on the French New Wave, and his collaborative process helped bolster the national cinemas of West Africa.

"MOI, UN NOIR is, in effect, the most daring of films and the humblest." —Jean-Luc Godard

"In principle, an African could have made it, but none of us were in a position to do so at the time." —Ousmane Sembène, filmmaker

"One of the first films, ethnographic or otherwise, that depicted the pathos of life in changing Africa...MOI, UN NOIR is a film that obliterates the boundaries between fact and fiction, documentary and story, observation and participation, objectivity and subjectivity." —Paul Stoller, Ph.D., Visual Anthropology Review

"Selected by Jean-Luc Godard as one of the best films of 1959, MOI, UN NOIR is at once an analysis, a critique, and a fantasy dealing with the harsh realities and rich interior lives of the exploited working class under colonial rule."Jamie Berthe, Ph.D., New York University

1958 Prix Louis Delluc
1958 Mannheim Film Festival
2012 African Studies Association Conference

70 minutes / color
Release: 2012
Copyright: 1958
Sale: $375

Subject areas:
Africa, African Studies, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Race and Racism, Racism, Urban Studies

Related Links:
The Films of Jean Rouch
Jean Rouch: Six Films

Related Titles:
Jaguar: In Jean Rouch's collaborative ethnofiction, three Nigerien men journey to Accra for work.

The Mad Masters: Jean Rouch's essential and controversial work is a classic of ethnographic cinema.

The Lion Hunters: Jean Rouch's self-reflexive depiction of lion hunting among the Songhay people of Niger, and the social structure that underlies it.

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