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Berlin 1885: The Division of Africa
A film by JoŽl Calmettes
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On February 26th, 1885, at Chancellor Otto von Bismarck's official residence in Berlin, the "Berlin Conference on Africa" came to a successful conclusion. After three months of negotiations amongst the leading diplomats from all the major European powers (and the US), the "General Act of the Berlin Conference" had been agreed. And a large part of Africa's subsequent fate had been set in motion.

For at a time when an estimated 80% of Africa remained under traditional and local control, the purpose of the Berlin Conference had been for the Great Powers to establish rules amongst themselves for the colonization of Africa and the exploitation of Africa's resources. Including the division of territory, the drawing of maps, and the establishment of Congo -- as a personal possession of the Belgian King. Not surprisingly, no Africans had been invited to the Conference.

Using actual transcripts taken down at the time, BERLIN 1885: THE DIVISION OF AFRICA combines reenactments of the Conference proceedings and previously unexplored archival materials, with the insights of historians and scholars from six nations, to discuss the politics, implications, and legacy of the first international conference about Africa.

"The viewer is given the opportunity to hear word for word the negotiations around what will become the decisive events of the nineteenth century...deeply informative." —Charles Peterson, Journal on African Philosophy

"BERLIN 1885 is a remarkable and entertaining—if exasperating, only because of the smugness and duplicity of its participants—portrayal of a critical moment in modern history. It is an interesting and laudable decision that the filmmaker chose to render the story as a dramatization rather than a conventional a representation of how colonialism really worked—and how politics worked then and still works today—it is an estimable addition to our educational and scholarly resources on an ignorable chapter in World History." —Anthropology Review Database

"Cleverly using the exchanges put down in the diplomatic archives, BERLIN 1885 never sacrifices the demand of the documentary to the virtue of fiction. The seriousness of the program comes nonetheless with a skilful direction that maintains our attention. This a model of the genre, educational but without heaviness." —Télérama

"A film well carried through, with a rhythm given by the chapters and the addition of some very instructive perspectives (...) The fiction-documentary by JoŽl Calmettes, a moment of outstanding television, would perfectly find its place in numerous history classes in high school and college." —Le Monde

"Undoubtedly not to compromise its great historical rigor, BERLIN 1885... refuses to exploit the tricks of fiction." —Libération


84 minutes / color
Release: 2011
Copyright: 2010
Sale: $398

Subject areas:
Africa, African Studies, Belgium, Central Africa, Colonialism, Congo, Geography, History (World), International Relations

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Mobutu: The definitive history and visual record of the rise and fall of Joseph Désiré Mobutu, ruler of Zaire (the Congo) for over 30 years.

Congo in Four Acts: A quartet of short films (on one dvd) that lay bare the reality of everyday life in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The Moroccan Labyrinth: The little-known history of Spain's bloody colonial ambitions in North Africa, and how they became a prelude to the Spanish Civil War.

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