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1932
Scars of Memory(Cicatriz de la Memoria)
A Film by Jeffrey Gould & Carlos Henriquez Consalvi
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January 22, 1932. An unprecedented peasant uprising erupts in western El Salvador, as a group of Ladino and indigenous peasants cut army supply lines, attack a military garrison, and take control over several towns.

Retribution is swift. After three days, the army and militias move in and, in some villages, slaughter all males over age 12. Elsewhere, they summarily execute anyone suspected of having a link to the Communists. Over the next few weeks, 10,000 people are massacred.

In SCARS OF MEMORY survivors share their memories, many for the first time.

Jeffrey L. Gould (director of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Indiana University) and Carlos Henríquez Consalvi (founder of the Museo de la Palabra y la Imágen in El Salvador) recovered and analyzed hundreds of survivor testimonies, which form the basis of the film. They also located rare photographs and film footage housed in archives in El Salvador, the United States, and England; including images of Communist leader Farabundo Martí, local indigenous leader Feliciano Ama of Izalco, and military dictator General Hernández Martínez.

The brutal way in which the uprising was crushed left many too scared to ever participate in politics again. The trauma resonated through six decades of military rule, until the 1992 peace accords ended a brutal, 12-year civil war.

"An excellent historic record."—Film Threat

"1932 marks the point in Salvadoran history when indigenous people, who survived by abandoning their languages and customs for ladino (non-Indian) ways, largely ceased to exist as an easily identifiable ethnic group. The terror wrought by La Matanza was so pervasive that it effectively silenced political dissent in the country for nearly half a century, until the issues that underlay the event exploded into the civil war that ravaged El Salvador from the late 1970s until 1992. Rich, provocative, and exquisitely researched... [SCARS OF MEMORY] is a remarkable work, in large part because the descriptions and images of those dark days are entirely new to us; the interviews unfold with an urgency and freshness of tales well remembered but never recounted. There is an immediacy that both horrifies and compels the viewer; even the very old survivors recall their memories with clarity and precision, and with none of the rehearsed or rote qualities that one often associates with survivors of other traumatic eventswho have told their stories many times over."—American Historical Review

"An important contribution to the new historical and anthropological research. An excellent resource for students of race and nationalism in Central America. The testimonials of people who lived through the massacre are what truly set this film apart. They make the more grisly images meaningful rather than sensational... One of the strengths of this film is its ability to convey the power and horror... without slipping into a purely explanatory mode that risks explaining away this kind of horror and contributing to its normalization."—The Journal of Latin American Anthropology

"Scrupulously well-documented... Highly Recommended... for anyone who seeks to understand the social ramifications and extreme sufferings brought about by constant oppression."—Catholic Library World

2003 Award of Merit in Film, Latin American Studies Association
2003 Festival de FIlm y Video de El Salvador
2003 International Festival for Human Rights (Barcelona)
  

53 minutes / color/b&w
Release: 2003
Copyright: 2002
Sale: $348

Subject areas:
Central America, El Salvador, History (World), Human Rights, Latin America, Political Science, Psychology

Related Titles:
The Tiniest Place: The story of a small village in El Salvador, destroyed during the country's civil war, and its remarkable rebirth today.

El Salvador: Another Vietnam: examines the civil war in El Salvador in light of the Reagan administration's decision to "draw the line" against "communist interference" in Central America.

Devils Don't Dream!: Analysis of the CIA-sponsored 1954 coup in Guatemala.

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Last Updated March 28, 2013
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