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Icarus Film
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Everything Must Come to Light
A Film by Mpumi Njinge & Paulo Alberton
A co-production of The Gay and Lesbian Archives of South Africa, and the Out in Africa Gay and Lesbian Film Festival
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EVERYTHING MUST COME TO LIGHT tells the unusual stories of of three dynamic lesbian sangomas (traditional healers) in Soweto, South Africa.

Articulate and sympathetic, these women share their stories willingly. After leaving their husbands, two of the women were visited by their dominant male ancestors, who instructed them to take wives. They explored their sexuality as a result of this commandment, and became intimate with other women.

The relationship between the Sangomas and their ancestors, the roles the ancestors play in Sangoma healing powers, and the role they play in shaping Sangoma sexuality are focal points in this documentary.

"This extraordinary video, woven from scenes of daily life, is about much more than a few lesbians in Soweto. It takes the viewer into the homes, the rituals, the work, and the play of people who, despite their proximity to the big city, live very much like the majority of Black people in southern Africa: drawing water from an outdoor tap, shopping at corner stores with bars separating buyers and sellers, living with ancestor-spirits as part of their richly textured community, in a context of compulsory heterosexuality."—International Journal of African Historical Perspectives

"A fascinating documentary. [The film] provides excellent opportunities for discovery and dialogue around southern African culture and history and around intersections between gender and lesbianism, sex roles, and current politics."—Feminist Collections Quarterly

2002 African Studies Association Film Festival

25 minutes / color
Release: 2002
Copyright: 2002
Sale: $225

Subject areas:
African Studies, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Health Issues, Lesbian Studies, Medicine, South Africa, Women's Studies

Related Titles:
Song of the Soul: An inside look at urban and rural hospice centers across South Africa that provide community-based compassionate care in the face of widespread poverty.

State of Mind: Therapist Albert Pesso trains mental-health care works in Kinshasa, Congo, in a technique to help genocide survivors overcome the traumas they witnessed and endured.

Story of a Beautiful Country: A South African filmmaker travels in a mini-van taxi across his country with a hand-held camera. Topics range over controversial issues such as land, race, language, democracy, identity, and violence.

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Last Updated August 17, 2015
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