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Mobutu: King of Zaire
A Three-Part Film by Thierry Michel
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This is the definitive visual record of the rise and fall of Joseph Désiré Mobutu, ruler of Zaire (the Congo) for over 30 years. Drawing upon 140 hours of rare archival material found in Kinshasa, and 50 hours of interviews with those once close to him, MOBUTU, KING OF ZAIRE tells the story of the man at the heart of Central Africa's post-colonial history.

The film is in three parts:

Part One - QUEST FOR POWER

Covering the years from Mobutu's birth until 1969, Part One documents his journey from cook's son, to military journalist, to Secretary of State, and then President. The film shows Mobutu as a young journalist at the World's Fair in Brussels in 1958, and meeting Patrice Lumumba during negotiations for the Congo's independence in 1960.

In an interview, Larry Devlin, the CIA Station Chief at the time, tells how even in the early stages of independence, Mobutu was seen as a possible replacement for his sponsor Patrice Lumumba. Devlin describes receiving the order to eliminate Lumumba, and the film includes footage of Mobutu's coup in 1965, of Lumumba in captivity with Mobutu looking on, and of the ensuing four-year civil war.

Part Two - AN AFRICAN TRAGEDY

Covering the years from 1969 to 1988, Part Two documents how by 1970 Mobutu was the undisputed ruler of Zaire, controlling its riches, property and people. Resistance was brutally repressed, as shown in footage of a University protest that ends in bloodshed, and other sequences of trials and executions of supposed traitors.

This period brought an economic crisis, which Mobutu responded to with "Zaireinization." Brandon Grove, the U.S. Ambassador at the time, sees this as the beginning of the "kleptocracy" -- the government confiscated businesses and properties, which Mobutu took as his own, or handed out to his cronies.

Part Three - THE END OF A REIGN

As the Cold War ended, Mobutu partied on the Mediterranean Coast with French and Belgian officials, prominent Americans and other dignitaries. Covering the years from 1988 to 1997, Part Three includes footage of these lavish affairs, even as close friend Nicolai Ceausescu is being tried and executed. A warning Mobutu did not heed.

Despite U.S. President George Bush's assertions, again captured on film, that Mobutu was "our most valued friend in Africa," with the Cold War over he felt increasing pressure from the West to pay his own way (and open the political process to opposition).

The film documents the emergence of an opposition movement in Kinshasa led by Etienne Tshisekedi, the development of the National Conference from 1990 to 1992, and the rebellion led by Laurent Desire Kabila in 1996. In May, 1997 Kabila, Mobutu, and South Africa's President Nelson Mandela met in Kinshasa, within weeks Kabila took the city, Mobutu fled, and he died in exile in September of that year. The film uses the best contemporary documentary material of all of these events.

Thierry Michel, whose two previous films on the Congo, THE LAST COLONIALS and ZAIRE, CYCLE OF THE SERPENT, are also distributed by First Run / Icarus Films, has crafted an essential history and documentary resource

"A stunning documentary of the life of Mobuto... one of Africa's most notorious postcolonial despots."—American Historical Review

"Rejects shrill indictment in favor of the cumulative revelation of its subject through film and the testimony of knowledgeable Mobutu aides and other qualified individuals. [This film] is the devastating witness that lays bare the homicidal, corrupt, vainglorious tyranny of Mobutu Sese Seko."—The New York Times

"Remarkable! A film of almost literally fantastic footage and revealing interviews. Students should see it... Excellent!"—David Moore, University of Natal, Durban, for H-SAfrica

"Previously unseen archive footage interspersed with interviews with survivors of Mobutu's inner circle makes for great cinematic drama. A rarity."—Mail and Guardian

"A tremendous documentary on the folly of power."—Le Monde

2001 African Literature Association Film Festival
2000 African Studies Association Film Festival
1999 Best Documentary Nominee, International Documentary Association
Special Mention, 1999 European Film Awards
1999 Prix Arte, European Film Academy
1999 New York Film Festival
1999 Margaret Mead Film Festival
  

162 minutes / color
Release: 2000
Copyright: 1999
Sale: $398

Subject areas:
Africa, African Studies, Biographies, Central Africa, Comparative Government, Congo, History (World), Politics

Related Titles:
Berlin 1885: The Division of Africa: The story of the first international conference on Africa, which established its division amongst the European powers, and created Congo as a personal possession of the Belgian king.

Boyamba Belgique: The day before Congo gained independence, the sabre of the Belgian king Baudouin was stolen by a young Congolese. Fifty years later the filmmakers search for him, and discover the meaning of his act.

Congo in Four Acts: A quartet of short films (on one dvd) that lay bare the reality of everyday life in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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